Insight in psychiatric illness can be conceived of as the capacity “to see ourselves as others see us” (David, 1999). According to this account, impairment of the general capacity to appreciate other people’s mental perspectives will cause poor insight. Theory of mind (ToM) tasks are the classic empirical test of a general capacity to appreciate other mental perspectives. Against this background, this study examined the relationship between insight and ToMtask performance in schizophrenia. Thirty schizophrenic patients and 26 healthy controls, matched on age, gender and IQ, completed three ToM tasks that were selected to vary the modality of the eliciting stimuli (visual vs. verbal) and the response mode (nonverbal vs. verbal). Instructions also varied with respect to how direct or indirect they were. Relatively more direct instructions referred to others’ thoughts or intentions, whereas indirect instructions made no reference to others’ mental states. The three ToM tasks included a picture sequencing task, a cartoon-based humour appreciation task, and a story comprehension task. Insight in patients was assessed using the Kemp and David (1996) Schedule for the Assessment of Insight, Expanded (SAI-E). While the patients performed more poorly than the controls on all ToM tasks, only the two indirect tasks (picture sequencing, humour appreciation) generated performance measures that intercorrelated significantly in the patients. Furthermore, it was deficits on these two indirect tasks, rather than deficits on the more direct story comprehension task, that predicted poor insight. Findings suggest that indirect ToM tasks best tap an unprompted, perhaps implicit, monitoring of other people’s mental perspectives that is compromised in schizophrenia, leading to the impairment of insight. David, A.S. (1999). “To see ourselves as others see us”: Aubrey Lewis’s insight. British Journal of Psychiatry, 175, 210-216. Kemp, R., & David, A. (1997). Insight and compliance. In B. Blackwell (Ed). Treatment compliance and the therapeutic alliance. (pp. 61-84). Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers.