William James (1950) described the Tip of the Tongue (ToT) state as a “gap that is intensely active.” This gap is like a window, from which word retrieval and the relative order of access to phonological and syntactic information can be observed. Levelt, Roelofs & Meyer (1999) proposed that syntactic information is accessible earlier than phonological information and might even mediate between semantics and phonology. Caramazza (1997)made the opposite assumption in the IN model,which claims that phonology is accessible independently from syntax. This study investigated the availability of grammatical gender and mass/count information versus initial phoneme information, when speakers were induced to be in a ToT state. Forty English and 47 German speakers were asked to participate in a naming-to-definition task. The results did not provide evidence of syntactic or phonological mediation during word retrieval in either speaker group.